In several areas of Europe, including in the Romanian space, the Celtic cross symbol is often found: two lines that intersect perpendicularly to the center of a circle. The name “celtic” is arbitrary because the symbol can be found in all civilizations on all continents.
Celtic Cross – Christian symbol
The origin of the Celtic cross is unknown, but it is certain that its origin is quite old, just as the cross symbol itself is older than Christianity. However, in the Celtic Christian tradition, there are several legends explaining the appearance and significance of this symbol.
Thus, one of the legends attributes the appearance of the Celtic patristic of St. Patrick, who preached the Gospel among the Celtic tribes. Historians believe that this character is real and would have lived and spread the gospel message between 387-493. He would have transformed a pagan symbol to which the Celts held abundantly, in a Christian symbol, passing through Celts to Christianity.
According to other interpretations, the Celtic cross consisted of two wooden arms and a millstone. The symbol of the millstone was not chosen by chance because it has more significance in the Christian tradition.
“And whoever will remember one of these little ones who believe in me, it would be better for him to hang a millstone on his throat and be immersed in the depths of the sea” (Matthew 18: 6). Here, the millstone symbolizes nothing more than responsibility before the Savior. At the same time, the millstone is also the one that grinds the bread for Holy Communion.
It is important to note that in the Christian tradition, the Celtic cross is also the Mystery of the Holy Communion. The Holy Disc, on which Proscomidia is made, has this form of the Celtic cross.
According to St. Simeon of Thessalonica, the flour from which the shrimp is made is the symbol of the body, the dough – the symbol of the soul, the salt – the symbol of the mind and the teaching of the word, and the water – the symbol of the Holy Spirit and Baptism. The parcels of bread, placed on the holy disc for the living and the dead, represent them with Christ. The top of the circle symbolizes the Enlightening Church, while the bottom, the Battle Church.
According to German Virt thinker, the Celtic cross is a form of protocols. When man views this calendar, it includes time and space in its entirety.
It is very important to highlight the role of space, because without it time does not make sense. The circle symbolizes time (day, year), and the cross symbolizes space (the universe), the four corners of the world. The top of the cross represents the North, the lower South, the left arm – the West, the right arm – the East. The center of the circle is the divinity, which is out of space and time.
For German Virt, the Celtic cross is nothing more than a key, a hieroglyph for the understanding of the traditionalist paradigm, the language of Tradition.
The Celtic Cross – the symbol of the European national revolution
In 1962, the political militant and right-wing revolutionary Jean-François Thiriart (who was an active fighter in various socialist and communist organizations), of Belgian origin, set up the pan-European organization Jeune Europe, which, on the basis of the “Third Way” doctrine, aims to organize a “national revolution” across the European continent.
As the symbol of the Thiriart movement, choose the Celtic cross. Perhaps this is not by accident. It is very possible that the initial adoption of this symbol took place under the influence of the Pentatess currents, which overestimated the role of Celtic culture in the formation of European civilization.
Under this sign, Thiriart tries through a network of far-right and left-wing paramilitary organizations from several corners of Europe to organize an armed struggle against
US or USSR regimes and create a strong and independent European empire.
What is the celtic cross today for us?
Unlike the other corners of Europe, for the Romanians the Celtic cross means much more. First of all, it is a good luck symbol that is present at the Divine Liturgy, on the icons of the Savior, and on the dome of our Churches.
Secondly, the Celtic cross is the symbol of the national-conservative revolution, where the term “revolution” means a process of returning to traditional values by mobilizing the vital and creative energies of the nation.